Cairo, one of the largest cities in Africa and throughout the Arab world, is situated on both sides of the Nile, just south of the great estuary of the great river. Equidistant from the Mediterranean and Red Sea, the capital suffers from the proximity of Sahara, the low number of shrubs, and the exasperating heat.
Few ancient Arabian historians describe the ancient legends of the founding of Kair. According to one version, the city was called El Kahira (Mars) instead of El Mansur (Victory) because of the sign – when the workers began to dig the foundations for the first buildings of the city, Mars appeared on the skyline. By the way, Kair didnt come out of nowhere. Once it was the site of the Pharaohs farms, and later of the famous Center of Science of Heliopolis and the Roman fortress of Babylon. In the first years of Arabian rule, the city of Foustat (641) was established as the present capital of Egypt, and the first building was the Amira Mosque, which remains to this day. In 870, they built Al-Katay in place of the one that survived the fall of Foussat. The Kair, on the other hand, appeared at the time of the Fatimides (969 ã.). Until 1517, the flourishing Kair survived several changes of power, dislocation and epidemics until it was conquered by the Turks. It was part of the Ottoman Empire in 1914, although both the Polish Army (1798-1801) and the Anglo-American opponents (1880s) invaded Kair. From 1882, Kairos officially became the capital of Egypt.
Kairos – a colored city. At different times it has been spoiled by a variety of tastes. In Kairo, you could see modern modern buildings, five-star hotels, mid-century modern buildings, and a labyrinth of residential quarters in the old city. The jewel of Cairo – the city of Giza, not far from where the legendary pyramids and their silent companion – Sfinx are located. But it is not the pyramids alone that are famous for Cairo. There are many ancient Muslim churches that stand out: Sultan Hassans Mosque (1362), Golubaya Mosque (1347), Amr Mosque (641), Ibn Tulun (879), al-Azhar (972). A large number of tourists visit the Museum of Egypt, which houses the greatest collection of objects from the Pharaonic era. In Kairo, you can see the Coptic Church of St. Mary (3rd century) and visit a variety of museums. The 187-meter television tower with its restaurant and movie theater is also one of Kairos landmark sites.
- Air quality: 34 US AQI Good. Air quality is satisfactory, and air pollution poses little or no risk.
- Tap water: No, not drinkable
- Religious government: Religious
- Population: 9,500,000 people
- Population density: crowded: 7x7m 49m per person
- GDP: $2,823 / year
- Foreigners can own real estate: Yes
- Power outlets: 230V50Hz
- Internet: 5 Mbps
- Best wireless: Etisalat
- Pay without cash: Yes, cards OK almost everywhere
- Tipping: Generally tipping around 10% is good etiquette at a restaurant in Egypt. … This service charge goes to the restaurant, not the waiter so be sure to tip the waiter or waitress in addition. They will rely on this money for their income. If the service is exceptional, you could always leave a larger gratuity than 10%.
- Apartments: Airbnb
- Hotels: Booking.com
- More hotels: Hotels.com
- Best taxi: Careem
- Best coworking space: The District
- Best short-haul air carrier: AirEgypt
- Best intl air carrier: AirEgypt
- Monthly costs for expat: $550
- Monthly costs for family: $900
- Monthly costs for local: $260
- Meal: $3
- Small Cola: $0.3
- Beer 1 Pint: $1
- Coffee: $0.6
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