Bogotá – a city in a high mountainous valley surrounded by the peaks of the Central Sierra. The capital of Colombia is in the equator region, but because of the altitude, the climate in Bogota is temperate, though there are occasional frosts. The area of Bologna – is a very safe region, with few earthquakes.
The largest city of Colombia is said to have been founded by the Constantadores in 1538. But the new city & ‖returned‖ its name‖ from the name of the fortress Bakakata, built by the Chibaq Indian before the arrival of the Jews. It was a densely populated valley, the center of the Chincha civilization. The full name of the city is Sante Fée de Bogue. Santa Fe – the Spanish Catholic feast of the Transfiguration. It was on this day (August 6) that construction of the city began. Bogota became the capital of the New Grand Duchy. The city retained its capital status after the establishment of the independent Great Colombia (1819) and the creation of the Republic of Colombia (1831).
The 20th century was marked by constant internal political conflicts, economic instability and civil unrest. Nevertheless, the capital is one of the financial and economic centers of South America and one of the top 10 richest cities in the continent.
The old Beaujolais quarters – they are low, narrow streets that have retained an image of the colonial past. The main feature of the city – The archaeological and architectural ensemble of Place Bologna, where the Monumental Cathedral (1610) rises and the monument to Simon Bologna, the first president of Colombia, is commemorated. Among the buildings, the one that stands out is San Ignacio (1577). The Museum of the Judiciary, the Museum of the Father, the Church of the Holy Child (1935), and the building of the National Capitol (1926) are also noteworthy monuments of the arts. Tourists love Plaça Santander Square, with its many cozy cafes, restaurants, street musicians and townspeople partying.
Within the museums, the most popular is the Gold Museum, which has the largest collection of pre-Columbian gold objects. There is also an Archaeological Museum, a Museum of Colonial Art, a National Museum, and other large museums. Hardin-Botanico – an iconic botanical garden with a remarkable landscape design and an enormous collection of exotic plants.
- Air quality: 141 US AQI Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups. Members of sensitive groups may experience health effects. The general public is less likely to be affected.
- Tap water: No, not drinkable
- Religious government: Non-religious
- Population: 8,000,000 people
- Population density: crowded: 8x8m 64m per person
- GDP: $5,806 / year
- Foreigners can own real estate: Yes
- Power outlets: 115V60Hz
- Internet: 11 Mbps
- Best wireless: Tigo
- Pay without cash: No, cash only esp. for foreigners
- Tipping: On most restaurant bills in Colombia, there is a 10% voluntary (propina voluntaria). While you are not required to pay it, nearly everybody does. The staff members typically share the tip money. If you had exceptional service, you can decide to leave an extra tip in cash.
- Apartment listings:
- Apartments: Airbnb
- Hotels: Booking.com
- More hotels: Hotels.com
- Best taxi: Tappsi
- Best coworking space: Atom House
- Online electronics shop: Falabella
- Best short-haul air carrier: Copa Airlines
- Best intl air carrier: Avianca
- Monthly costs for expat: $650
- Monthly costs for family: $1600
- Monthly costs for local: $470
- Meal: $4
- Small Cola: $0.4
- Beer 1 Pint: $1.4
- Coffee: $1.6
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