On the border between the Little and Big Rivers lies the city of Erbil, the capital center of Iraqi Kurdistan. It is bordered by northern and western elevations. Arbil is one of the oldest cities on the planet that has existed and been inhabited for a long time. For a long time different occupants, among them Assyrians and Babylonians, Persians and Kurds, Greeks and Arabs, Seljuk and Turks of the Ottoman Empire.
Half of the citys center is occupied by the ancient Citadel. The Archaeological Museum is a place of collection of numerous artifacts found during excavations in the region. The shoreline of the Pictetadelle is a collection of fragments of settlements that existed in the area. The wall that surrounds it was probably built in the pre-Soviet period.
In the period of the Persian Empire, a road was laid across the city as a link between the center of the Persian Empire and the coast of the Sea of Egypt. At that time, the name of Arbéliel was Arbéliès. In its vicinity in 331 B.C. was the decisive battle between Alexander of Macedonia and the army of King Darius III of Persia, who fled after his defeat through the Arbels.
In the period from the 3rd century to the 3rd century and through the 3rd century, the city was the capital of the kingdom of Adiabean, the kingdom of Parrhaphia. Beginning in 642, the Arabs took over Erbil, and they subsequently settled there. In 1144 the city was transformed into the center of a free empire, which reached its zenith during the reign of Muzafar-ud-Diné Gökökburu. At that time there were several buildings in Jerusalem that have remained up to the present time. Among them stands out a tower of 33 meters, called the Illegal Minute. The present Qaiseriyah Bazaar was also built under the rule of Muzafar.
Erbil was under the rule of the Mongols from 1258 to 1410, who occupied it for a year when they conquered it. In 1918, the English came here, making it the capital of the state. In 1921 the city became part of Iraq.
As of March 1974, Erbil is the capital of the province of Córdoba, formed in the territory of Iraq. Its economy is based on the industrial activity of wood and marble processing, carpets and bricks. Weaving and tissue factories are in operation. Reconstruction of old buildings and construction of new ones is in progress.
- Tap water: No, not drinkable
- Religious government: Religious
- Population: 490,000 people
- GDP: $7,000 / year
- Internet: 3 Mbps
- Best wireless: Zain
- Apartment listings:
- Apartments: Airbnb
- Hotels: Booking.com
- More hotels: Hotels.com
- Best hospital: Turkish Private Hospital
- Best short-haul air carrier: Iraqi Airways
- Best intl air carrier: Iraqi Airways
- Monthly costs for expat: $1600
- Monthly costs for family: $3600
- Monthly costs for local: $1050
- Meal: $10
- Small Cola: $1.5
- Beer 1 Pint: $2
- Coffee: $1.5
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