Cologne – a city in the southwest of the Federal Republic of Germany, in the Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia. The original original Latin name of the city translates as &lâtà;Ëtâínînîn colony»
Cologne today is – the third largest city in Germany by area and the fourth most populous in Germany. Furthermore, Cologne is the largest cultural, economic and historical city in Germany. Cologne is the historical center of many events not only in Germany, but also in Europe, dating back to the time of Rome. Köln is famous for its main attraction, the Cathedral of Köln. It is arguably the most famous Catholic church in all of Germany.
Köln is in the lower reaches of the largest river in Germany, namely the Bay of Köln. To the east of Cologne lies the hill country of Köln, to the west the Ville National Park, to the southeast the Rhine Slanchey Mountains.
Cologne has companion cities that are in close proximity to each other. Here are some of them: Levevercusen, Troyesdorf, Pölleheim, Hürth. Cologne is populated by more than 150 nationalities. German natives make up 83\% of the population, followed by Turks (7\%), Italians (2\%), former Slavs (2\%), and people from CIS countries (less than 1\%).
People who know German well may be surprised by the way the German language sounds in the local dialect – Kälsch, which is somewhat similar in sound to the Bavarian and Swabian dialects. Almost 50\% of Kaleans are Catholic. About 16\% are Protestants, and others are Muslims or Atheists. There are also two Orthodox and three Hebrews.
The earliest memories of Cologne go back to deep antiquity. Archaeological excavations suggest that the site of Cologne was the site of ancient celtic fortifications over 5,000 years ago. Cologne, as a permanent settlement, is remembered in 38 A.D. The first construction of Köln is the construction of the Opidum Orbiorum. The friendly tribe of the Romans, which moved to the left side of the Rhine, had a guardship of Marcus Vicenius Agrippa, who created the fortification.
In the 15th century, a girl named Agrippinin was born to a Ghermanian commander who lived in the middle of a local wilderness, Who will eventually become the wife of the Roman Emperor Claudius, giving her city the status of a full Roman colony-city. The city was given the abbreviated name of Colonia Latina Agrippina and then simply Colonia, which in the local dialect means Cologne. The event that determined the development of Cologne was the declaration of Lower Germany as the capital of Cologne. The government apparatus moves to Cologne, the population of Cologne grows rapidly with the new arrivals of peasants, merchants and priests in search of a better share. After a century, more than 15,000 people have been in Köln, in spite of the fact that the wild Germanic tribes existed on the banks of the Rhine for a long time. In the meantime, the glass industry was developing in Cologne, and beautiful palaces were being built for the Roman nobility visiting the country.
In 310, by decree of the Roman Emperor Constantine, the first bridge in Cologne crosses the River Rhine.
In the end of the 4th century, the Köln was attacked by the Vandals, the Franks and the Saxons.
In 454 Cologne was finally conquered by the Franks.
In 795, Charles the Great made Köln an archdiocese, as a result of which the first Romanesque cathedral was built in Köln.
In 1248 the construction of the Gothic cathedral of Kölön begins.
In 1288 the state was overthrown and Cologne became a free city, a cultural and commercial center of medieval Europe.
In 1584 the Pope of Rome opens an official embassy in Cologne. The city was given the title of Saint.
In 1529, the main center of the Jesuits was founded in Köln. The Kölön concentration followed the Protestants and the Wise Men.
In 1794 the city was willingly taken over by the French army and became a proclaimed French city.
In 1814, the French were forced to liberate the city under the pressure of the Russian troops. It was during this period that Cologne became a significant city of the German Empire. The railway line between Köln and Aachen was built, the factories opened, and the cathedral construction began.
In 1842, Karl Marx-the theorist of Communism-was appointed editor-in-chief of the local newspaper, The Daily Gazette.
In 1917 the burgermaster of Cologne is Kölnrad Adenauer.
During the Second World War the city (central part) was almost 90\% destroyed during the bombing campaign.
After it was over, the city was rebuilt, and it would not be completely finished until the 1980s. Konrad Adenauer was elected Germanys minister and held that post for some 14 years.
In 1980, my father came to Köln.
In 1999, the summit of the World Summit was held, where the basic agreements were reached on the subject of the Second World War.
Köln is a disturbed and transformed city that is still in the process of being transformed.
- Tap water: Yes, safe to drink
- Religious government: Non-religious
- Population: 1,000,000 people
- Population density: euro euro empty: 20x20m 400m per person
- GDP: $42,456 / year
- Foreigners can own real estate: Yes
- Power outlets: 230V50Hz
- Internet: 34 Mbps
- Best wireless: Congstar
- Pay without cash: No, cash only esp. for foreigners
- Tipping: There is no hard and fast rule about the acceptable amount to tip in Germany. The general custom is a nominal tip, as indicated by the German word for tip (Trinkgeld, or money for a drink). Many people simply round off the bill to the next euro or add a couple more, which is perfectly acceptable.
- Apartment listings: WG Gesucht
- Apartments: Airbnb
- Hotels: Booking.com
- More hotels: Hotels.com
- Best taxi: MyTaxi
- Best coworking space: Startplatz
- Online electronics shop: Amazon
- Best short-haul air carrier: Germanwings
- Best intl air carrier: Lufthansa
- Monthly costs for expat: $1700
- Monthly costs for family: $3800
- Monthly costs for local: $1100
- Meal: $6
- Small Cola: $2.5
- Beer 1 Pint: $5
- Coffee: $3.5
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