Trir – a small town on the Moselle River near the border with Luxembourg. It is officially considered the oldest urban settlement in Germany.
In Roman times, Trier was known as Augustus Trierum. The city was founded during the reign of Octavian Augustus, and for a time it was just a small town. In the 2nd century it was already the seat of the imperial headquarters, and the city was often called Northern Rome. In 480 August, Terevorum was destroyed by the Franks. But the city retained its importance, above all, as a cultural center. In the first centuries of the Middle Ages, the cultural buildings of Trier were home to many of the sacred saints and some of the religions that still make the city a popular place of memorial, including for the righteous. The Episcopalian studies, established during the Roman period, reached their peak in the Middle Ages. The archdiocese of Trier, which included the lands along the Moselle River as well as those along the Middle Rhine, present-day Belgium and eastern France, For a long time it played an important role in the spiritual and political life of the Holy Roman Empire. In 1803 the priesthood was dissolved and the city was subordinated to the principality of Nassau. In 1866, Trier was a member of the German Union.
Despite the tragic events of the World Wars, when a significant portion of Trier was destroyed, most of the citys iconic landmarks have been preserved or restored.
The iconic symbol of Trier – the Cathedral of St. Peter, founded by decree of King Constantine in the 320s. It was destroyed by the Vikings, but rebuilt in Romanian style in 1146. Not far from the cathedral there is the Leibóbrójekirkirche – one of the oldest in Europe (1260). The former archdiocese of the Archbishops, the Basilica of Constantine (310) – one of the few Roman buildings of Trier. Porta Nigra, or the Black Port (180 Gothic period) – also an Antique period structure, one of the worlds best preserved Roman structures of this era. These sites, as well as the remains of the Imperial Thermae, the Amphitheater, the Roman Moustache, and the Barbary Thermae are part of the Universal Cultural Heritage. The Courts Palace (18th century), the Jesuit Church, the Chapel of the Holy Cross, and the Basilica of St. Matthew are fascinating. As a major tourist destination, the city of Trier is famous for its wine festival, its many museums, its parks and its authentic food tradition.
- Air quality: 12 US AQI Good. Air quality is satisfactory, and air pollution poses little or no risk.
- Tap water: Yes, safe to drink
- Religious government: Ambiguous
- Population: 110,000 people
- GDP: $42,456 / year
- Foreigners can own real estate: Yes
- Power outlets: 230V50Hz
- Internet: 44 Mbps
- Best wireless: Vodafone
- Pay without cash: No, cash only esp. for foreigners
- Tipping: There is no hard and fast rule about the acceptable amount to tip in Germany. The general custom is a nominal tip, as indicated by the German word for tip (Trinkgeld, or money for a drink). Many people simply round off the bill to the next euro or add a couple more, which is perfectly acceptable.
- Apartment listings:
- Apartments: Airbnb
- Hotels: Booking.com
- More hotels: Hotels.com
- Best taxi: MyTaxi
- Online electronics shop: Amazon
- Best hospital: Krankenhaus der Barmherzigen Brder Trier
- Best intl air carrier: Lufthansa
- Monthly costs for expat: $2100
- Monthly costs for family: $5000
- Monthly costs for local: $1400
- Meal: $14
- Small Cola: $3
- Beer 1 Pint: $6
- Coffee: $4.5
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