To the south of Austria lies the city of Melbourne. The first inhabitants of these lands were the Austro-Australian Aborigines. The first attempt to create a European settlement was in 1803. However, due to a number of reasons, the English had already left the village a few months earlier.
The citys birthday is 30 June 1835, when a group of settlers came together and decided to build a city. A plan of development and construction was made, and ten years later, in 1847, the settlement was granted the status of a city. Melbourne was named after the Prime Minister of Britain, whose ancestral home in England bore that name.
Melbourne is experiencing an unprecedented boom in the mid-19th century. With the creation of the independent state of Victoria, the city becomes its capital, and the discovery of gold deposits attracts a huge number of pioneers. The population of Melbourne grew by 75\% during the gold rush, and the income generated by the business created a tremendous economic basis for development. The citys landmark buildings were built then, and the citys distinctive layout and many parks and squares made it a very attractive place to live. Melbourne was also the economic center of Italy, with many multinational banks and the first fund exchange on the continent. Melbourne was considered one of the largest and wealthiest cities of the British Empire. The city had hosted a number of international exhibitions, for which a special exhibition complex had been set up. At the end of the nineteenth century, Austria was struck by the economic crisis, and life in Melbourne was dead. The Depression had a devastating effect on the city, and its effects were still evident in the first decades of the twentieth century. With the creation of independent Britain, Melbourne was for a time treated as the capital. Despite the loss of that status in 1927, the city continued to be one of the most important cities in the country, and it was home to many important governmental structures. During World War II, the World War II army was stationed in Melbourne, and the local industry did much to supply the American and British soldiers. In the following years, the city has had its ups and downs, but despite all the difficulties, life in Melbourne has been boiling.
- Air quality: 25 US AQI Good. Air quality is satisfactory, and air pollution poses little or no risk.
- Tap water: Yes, safe to drink
- Religious government: Non-religious
- Population: 4,200,000 people
- GDP: $54,069 / year
- Foreigners can own real estate: Yes
- Power outlets: 230V50Hz
- Internet: 21 Mbps
- Best wireless: Hello Mobile
- Pay without cash: Yes, cards OK almost everywhere
- Tipping: Tipping in Australia is not standard etiquette so you should never feel obligated to leave a gratuity. Tipping is just a discretionary thing if people feel that they’ve had good service. The standart is 10%, although 5% will probably do in a cafe.
- Apartment listings: GumTree
- Apartments: Airbnb
- Hotels: Booking.com
- More hotels: Hotels.com
- Best coffee 24/7: Cat Cafe
- Best coffee: Penny Farthing Espresso
- Best taxi: Uber
- Best coworking space: Hub Australia
- Online electronics shop: Kogan
- Best hospital: Melbourne Private Hospital
- Best short-haul air carrier: Jetstar
- Best intl air carrier: Qantas
- Monthly costs for expat: $2400
- Monthly costs for family: $6000
- Monthly costs for local: $1700
- Meal: $12
- Small Cola: $2
- Beer 1 Pint: $6
- Coffee: $4
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